On June 2, 1763, the Ojibwe captured Michigan’s Fort Michilimackinac from the British. Ojibwe warriors from villages on Mackinac Island and along the Cheboygan River had surprised the unsuspecting garrison while playing a game of baggatiway. On the heels of the capture, Odawa from nearby L’Arbre Croche arrived to rescue British prisoners, setting into motion a complicated series of negotiations among Ojibwe, Odawa, and Menominee and other Indians from Wisconsin. Because nearly all Native people in the Michilimackinac borderland had allied themselves with the British before the attack, they refused to join the Michilimackinac Ojibwe in their effort to oust the British from the upper country; the turmoil effectively halted the fur trade. Beyond Pontiac’s Shadow examines the circumstances leading up to the attack and the course of events in the aftermath that resulted in the regarrisoning of the fort and the restoration of the fur trade. At the heart of this discussion is an analysis of both the French-Canadian and the Indian communities at the Straits of Mackinac and throughout the pays d’en haut. An accessible guide to this important period in Michigan, American, and Canadian history, Beyond Pontiac’s Shadow sheds invaluable light on a political and cultural crisis.
For more information, see Keith R. Widder’s Beyond Pontiac’s Shadow : Michilimackinac and the Anglo-Indian War of 1763, A new book celebrating the 250th Anniversary of the attack at Fort Michilimackinac.
Keith R. Widder, “A Solitary Strike : The Attack at Michilimackinac”, Michigan History, May/June 2013, pp. 44-49.
For another source, see Michigan Historical Calendar, Clarke Historical Library at Central Michigan University.
For more information see Nathanial Hale, Pontiac’s War: the Great Indian Uprising against the English in 1763, Wynnewood, PA, Hale House, 1973.
Massacre at Fort Michilimackinac via YouTube.