From the Michigan Manual of Freedmen's Progress, 1915.Its creators referred to the Plaindealer as an “Afro-American” newspaper, consciously rejecting the term “negro.” Founded in 1883 by the brothers Benjamin and Robert Pelham Jr., along with Walter H. Stowers and W.H. Anderson, the publishers saw the publication as a political effort and worked tirelessly at the project, putting it together in the spare time apart from their regular careers.