W. D. Fard, also known as W. D. Fard Muhammad, announces the founding of the Temple of Islam, later to become Temple Number 1 of the Nation of Islam, in Detroit, Michigan. The religious sect incorporates Koranic teachings, Christianity, black nationalism and Fard’s own beliefs. Fard later left Michigan following a series of arrests for “cult activities.”
During the summer of 1930 street vendor Wallace D. Fard appeared in Detroit, Michigan’s Paradise Valley community, proclaiming himself to be the leader of the Nation of Islam (NOI) and proselytizing among his customers according to his Islamic beliefs. Fard’s doctrine revolved around the claim that Islam was the true religion for blacks and Christianity only the faith of the “white devils” who were inferior to blacks. His preaching of freedom, justice and equality for people of African descent rapidly gained him followers and within three years Fard developed a cohesive organization, renting a Detroit meeting hall as the NOI’S first Temple.
Nation of Islam entry from BlackPast.org