1836 : Michigan Gains UP, Loses Toledo

June 15, 2018 all-day

Congress proposes an end to the Michigan/Ohio boundary issue.

After months of debate, Congress passed the Northern Ohio Boundary Bill (Clayton Act) on June 15, 1836 to resolve the ongoing boundary dispute between the state of Ohio and the Michigan Territory. Both claimed the mouth of the Maumee River (present-day Toledo) and offered surveys supporting their positions. The congressional compromise awarded Toledo to Ohio and granted Michigan the western Upper Peninsula and immediate statehood. Ohio was elated, but Michigan struggled, and eventually accepted a solution they believed was unfair.

At any rate, President Andrew Jackson signed the bill, which also included another carrot for Michigan. If Michigan agrees, it can become a state. Michigan must hold a convention, however, to approve the compromise measure.

Michigan Historical Calendar, Clarke Historical Library at Central Michigan State University.

For another source, see Important Dates in Michigan’s Quest for Statehood

Zlati Meyer, “This week in Michigan history: President Andrew Jackson signs act clearing way for statehood”, Detroit Free Press, June 15, 2014.

Also see The Toledo War and the The Toledo War of 1835-1836 for more background.

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